The Counties & Hundreds of South Australia

What are the names and locations of the Counties and Hundreds in South Australia, and where are they located, you ask?

When Colonel William Light was appointed Surveyor-General to the Colony of South Australia, his orders were to divide the land within the Colony into townships & counties. The first 9 of these were not proclaimed until 1842. Prior to this the land had been sold under a system of preliminary districts and special surveys—eg. The Mt Barker Special Survey of 1842 and the Three Brothers Survey of 1843. But by 1846, it was clear that a better system was needed, and that the divisions needed to be smaller in order that they be manageable.

A system of hundreds, similar to that used in parts of England was adopted, but with some modifications to suit the vast size of South Australia in comparison to the “Mother Country”. Where the English system delineated a hundred by drawing a line around what amounted to roughly 100 homes, the South Australian model used an area of roughly 100 square miles. It should be noted that not all hundreds in SA are universally this size, nor are they technically square.

In the 1850’s a hierarchical system of Counties, Hundreds, Sections, and Lots was adopted. In 1858, the Premier of SA, Sir Robert Richard Torrens came up with the system of land title registration which is still used today—Torrens Title, which became law following the passing of the Real Property Act in 1861. After 1861, no land in SA could be sold without it being located within a County and a Hundred. An individual needed to register his purchase of land with the Lands Titles Office. Once a person’s name was registered against a piece of land, that person became the exclusive owner of that property by right of title registration.

Before 1865, the Government did little to promote the creation of country towns, save for those that were important as river or sea ports, such as Goolwa and Pt Augusta. In the 1870’s this changed and the wheat boom caused the Central and Northern regions to be surveyed. Between 1895 and 1930 the areas known as the Murray Mallee and Eyre Peninsula were opened up and surveyed into counties & hundreds.

After 1865 it became commonplace for the Government to survey at least one town in each hundred. Before this, however, there had been a number of towns that sprang up within hundreds that had been privately surveyed.

[Introduction of the Real Property Act in South Australia, D.Pike 1961]


 

The following are the Hundreds, listed alphabetically, with their respective Counties and other useful information including towns that are located within the Hundred boundaries. As time Permits, we will add further information.

 

 

Hundred Name Year Proclaimed Alternate Name County Name County Location Towns Included
Adams 1895 Hanson
Addison 1910 Robinson
Adelaide 1846 Adelaide Adelaide city and suburbs south to Hallett Cove and north to approximately Enfield
Alexandrina 1851 Hindmarsh Langhorne Creek, Belvidere, Tolderol, Milang
Allen 1912 Alfred
Allenby 1907 Von Doussa Chandos
Alma 1856 Gawler
Andrews 1864 Stanley
Angas 1860 Sturt
Anna 1860 Eyre
Anne 1863 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Apoinga 1851 Burra
Appilla 1871 Frome Appilla, Stone Hut and surrounding areas
Archibald 1906 Buckingham
Arkaba 1877 Hanson
Ash 1895 York On Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George V
Auld 1912 Chandos
Ayers 1863 Stanley
Bagot 1860 Eyre
Bagster 1890 Kintore
Bakara 1860 Albert
Balaklava 1856 Gawler
Baldina 1875 Burra
Bandioota 1881 Blachford
Bandon 1898 Albert
Barna 1917 Buxton
Baroota 1878 Frome North of Pt Pirie and east of Spencer Gulf.
Barossa 1846 Adelaide
Bartlett 1889 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Barunga 1869 Daly
Barwell 1919 Musgrave
Batchelor 1893 York On Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George V Hundred Proclaimed on 25/4/1895 and named after EL Batchelor MP (1893-1901)
Beatty 1883 Krichauff Eyre
Beeamma 1921 Macdonnell
Belalie 1870 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Belvidere 1851 Light
Benara 1862 Grey
Bendlby 1877 Granville
Bews 1894 Chandos
Bice 1895 Hopetoun
Billiat 1912 Chandos
Binnum 1869 Macdonnell
Black Rock Plain 1871 Dalhousie
Blackler 1893 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Blanche 1858 Grey
Blesing 1936 Musgrave
Blyth 1860 Stanley
Bockelberg 1971 Robinson
Bonney 1860 Russell
Bonython 1893 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Bookpurnong 1893 Alfred
Boolcunda 1876 Newcastle
Booleroo 1875 Frome Booleroo, Booleroo Centre, Booleroo Whim
Boonerdo 1928 Jervois
Boothby 1878 Jervois
Booyoolie 1871 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Borda 1960 Carnarvon
Boucaut 1867 Stanley
Bowaka 1871 Robe
Bower 1882 Eyre
Bowhill 1893 Buccleuch
Bray 1877 Robe
Bremer 1851 Hindmarsh Callington, Kanmantoo, Hartley, Salem
Bright 1875 Burra
Brinkley 1860 Sturt
Brooker 1903 Jervois
Brownlow 1883 Eyre
Buckleboo 1922 Buxton
Bundaleer 1869 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Bundey 1875 Burra
Bunyeroo 1881 Taunton
Burdett 1860 Russell
Burgoyne 1890 Kintore
Butler 1895 Jervois
Cadell 1860 Albert
Caldwell 1892 Hopetoun
Caltowie 1871 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Cameron 1869 Daly
Campbell 1888 Robinson
Campoona 1895 Jervois
Cannawigara 1909 Paech Buckingham
Caralue 1917 Buxton
Carawa 1893 Dufferin
Carcuma 1929 Buccleuch
Carina 1915 Robinson
Caroline 1862 Grey
Carr 1877 Taunton
Carribee 1878 Fergusson
Cassini 1884 Carnarvon
Castrine 1891 Manchester
Catt 1889 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Cavanaugh 1878 Herbert
Chandada 1913 Robinson
Charleston 1895 Jervois
Chesson 1912 Albert
Chillundie 1893 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Clare 1850 Stanley
Clinton 1862 Daly
Cocata 1928 Le Hunte
Coglin 1878 Herbert
Colebatch 1938 Cardwell
Coles 1885 Robe
Colton 1876 Musgrave
Condada 1913 Robinson
Coneybeer 1895 Buccleuch
Conmurra 1878 Robe
Coolinong 1872 Russell
Coombe 1906 Cardwell
Coomooroo 1875 Dalhousie
Coonarie 1878 Fergusson
Coonatto 1876 Frome
Cooper 1860 Albert
Cootra 1926 Le Hunte
Copley 1891 Manchester
Corrobinnie 1957 Le Hunte
Cortlinye 1914 Buxton
Cotabena 1888 Blachford
Cotton 1894 Chandos
Cowan 1929 Musgrave
Crozier 1880 Newcastle
Crystal Brook 1871 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Cudlamudla 1877 Newcastle
Cultana 1940 York On Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George V
Cummins 1903 Flinders
Cungena 1913 Robinson
Cunningham 1873 Fergusson
Cunyarie 1922 Buxton
Curramulka 1874 Fergusson
Dalkey 1856 Gawler
Dalrymple 1872 Fergusson
Darke 1910 Jervois
Darling 1891 northern part only Frome
Darling 1871 southern part only Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Davenport 1860 Frome Covered by Pt Augusta City Council
Day 1929 Chandos
Dixon 1903 Jervois
Downer 1883 Robinson
Dublin 1856 Gawler
Dudley 1874 Carnarvon
Duffield 1864 Macdonnell
Duncan 1909 Carnarvon
Dutton 1858 Eyre
Eba 1860 Eyre
Edeowie 1881 Taunton
Encounter Bay 1846 Hindmarsh Victor Harbor, Pt Elliott
English 1882 Eyre
Erskine 1876 Dalhousie
Ettrick 1893 Russell
Eurella 1876 Dalhousie
Eurilpa 1877 Granville
Everard 1867 Stanley
Field 1938 Cardwell
Finlayson 1893 Robinson
Finniss 1860 Sturt
Fisher 1860 Eyre
Fisk 1969 Chandos
Flinders 1903 Flinders
Forrest 1885 Robinson
Forster 1883 Albert
Fox 1885 Robe
Freeling 1857 Sturt
French 1895 Basedow Hanson
Gambier 1858 Grey Mt Gambier and surrounding areas including Kybybolite
Geegeela 1907 Pflaum Macdonnell
Gilbert 1851 Light
Giles 1890 Kintore
Giles 1860 disbanded in 1870 Albert
Gillen 1893 Manchester
Glen Roy 1871 Macdonnell
Glyde 1864 Cardwell
Glynn 1895 Jervois
Goode 1893 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Goolwa 1846 Hindmarsh Goolwa, Surfers Beach
Gordon 1893 Alfred
Gosse 1931 Carnarvon
Goyder 1862 Stanley
Grace 1856 Gawler
Gregory 1858 Frome
Grey 1858 Grey
Gumbowie 1877 Kimberley
Guthrie 1893 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Hague 1893 Dufferin
Haig 1885 Homburg Musgrave
Haines 1883 Carnarvon
Hall 1860 Stanley
Hallett 1860 Burra
Hambidge 1957 Jervois
Handyside 1891 Manchester
Hanson 1860 Stanley
Hardy 1880 Kimberley
Hart 1864 Stanley
Haslam 1893 Dufferin
Hawker 1878 Jervois
Hay 1860 Eyre
Heggaton 1910 Jervois
Hill 1927 Le Hunte
Hincks 1957 Jervois
Hindmarsh 1858 Grey
Holder 1893 Albert
Hooper 1899 Buccleuch
Horn 1889 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Hudd 1936 Musgrave
Hutchinson 1867 Flinders
Hynam 1869 Macdonnell
Inkerman 1856 Gawler
Inkster 1913 Robinson
Jabuk 1910 now Marmon Jabuk Buccleuch
James 1910 Jervois
Jamieson 1910 Jervois
Jeffries 1936 Russell
Jellicoe 1851 North Rhine Eyre
Jenkins 1892 Manchester
Jessie 1867 Robe
Joanna 1862 Robe
Joyce 1876 Robe
Julia Creek 1851 Light
Jutland 1851 South Rhine Sturt
Kadina 1862 Daly
Kaldoonera 1913 Robinson
Kanmantoo 1847 Sturt
Kanyaka 1876 Newcastle
Kappacoola 1913 Le Hunte
Kappawanta 1936 Musgrave
Kapunda 1851 Light
Karcultaby 1913 Robinson
Katarapko 1922 Hamley
Keith 1894 Kintore
Kekwick 1912 Alfred
Kelly 1896 Buxton
Kennion 1883 Grey
Ketchowla 1880 Kimberley
Kevin 1894 Kintore
Kiana 1879 Musgrave
Kilkerran 1872 Fergusson
Killanoola 1861 Robe
King 1878 Burra
Kingsford 1912 Chandos
Kingston 1860 Burra
Kirkpatrick 1906 Buccleuch
Kondoparinga 1846 Hindmarsh
Kongorong 1862 Grey
Koolgera 1916 Dufferin
Koolunga 1864 Stanley
Koolywurtie 1874 Fergusson
Koongawa 1926 Le Hunte
Kooringa 1851 Burra
Koppio 1867 Flinders
Kuitpo 1846 Adelaide Kuitpo forest, Kuitpo Colony, parts of Meadows
Kulpara 1862 Daly
Lacepede 1861 Macdonnell
Laffer 1921 Cardwell
Lake George 1871 Grey
Lake Wangary 1871 Flinders
Landeer 1888 Macdonnell
Lewis 1902 Buccleuch
Light 1851 Light
Lincoln 1851 Flinders
Lindley 1881 Burra
Livingston 1902 Buccleuch
Lochaber 1869 Macdonnell
Louth 1851 Flinders
Loveday 1923 Hamley
Lucy 1892 Hopetoun
Macclesfield 1846 Hindmarsh One of the earliest Counties proclaimed in SA after Adelaide, it was part of the Three Brothers Special Survey undertaken at the expense of John Barton Hack, Joseph Hagen and another of their Quaker bretheren. Echunga, Macclesfield, Meadows, Mt Barker, Wistow, Nairne, parts of Littlehampton and Blakiston also fell into this Hundred.
MacDonnell 1861 Grey In the general area of Port MacDonnell
MacGillivray 1906 Carnarvon
Magarey 1890 Kintore
Maitland 1872 Fergusson
Makin 1939 Buckingham
Malcolm 1860 Russell
Mamblin 1913 Le Hunte
Mangalo 1878 Jervois
Mann 1878 Jervois
Mannanarie 1871 Dalhousie
Mantung 1893 Albert
Markaranka 1915 Young General area of Waikerie and Morgan, County Proclaimed 19/4/1860 Hundred proclaimed 7/10/1915. Name comes from the Aboriginal word marakaruko which was applied to a 500 square mile property owned by Gustav A. Gebhardt. His property had a 28 mile river frontage on the Murray.
Marmon 1910 now Marmon Jabuk Buccleuch
Maude 1880 Schomburgk Burra
May 1894 Hopetoun
Mayura 1869 Grey
McCallum 1939 Buckingham
McDonald 1910 Carnarvon
McGorrey 1912 Alfred
McGregor 1895 Jervois
McIntosh 1934 Musgrave
McLachlan 1895 Musgrave
McNamara 1938 Cardwell
McPherson 1910 Buccleuch
Melville 1869 Fergusson
Menzies 1878 Carnarvon
Messent 1938 Cardwell
Migbool 1867 Grey
Miller 1892 Hopetoun
Milne 1860 Stanley
Miltallie 1878 Jervois
Minbrie 1878 Jervois
Minburra 1877 Herbert
Mindarie 1893 Albert
Minecrow 1878 Macdonnell
Minlacowie 1874 Fergusson
Minnipa Le Hunte
Mitchell 1903 Musgrave
Mobilong 1860 Sturt
Molineux 1911 Buccleuch
Monarto 1847 Sturt
Monbulla 1861 Grey
Mongolata 1875 Burra
Moockra 1877 Newcastle
Moody 1903 Jervois
Moonabie 1917 York On Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George V Hundred proclaimed on 26/7/1917 and name comes from Aboriginal word for bog mud water.
Moorkitabie 1915 Robinson
Moorook 1893 Albert
Moorooroo 1847 Light
Moralana 1895 Hanson
Morgan 1876 Dalhousie
Mortlock 1904 Flinders
Moseley 1914 Buxton
Moule 1889 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Mount Benson 1871 Robe
Mount Muirhead 1869 Grey
Muddla Wirra 1847 Gawler
Muloowurtie 1874 Fergusson
Mundoora 1874 Daly
Munno Parra 1846 Adelaide
Murbko 1893 Albert
Murlong 1928 Jervois
Murrabinna 1871 Macdonnell
Murray 1888 Robinson
Murtho 1893 Alfred
Nackara 1880 Herbert
Nangwarry 1867 Grey Nangwarry and the timber cutting camps in the general area
Napperby 1874 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Naracoorte 1867 Robe
Narridy 1871 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Nash 1890 Kintore
Neales 1866 Eyre
Nelwand 1909 Carnarvon
Neville 1864 Cardwell
Nicholls 1928 Jervois
Nildottie 1878 Albert
Nilginee 1917 York On Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George V Hundred proclaimed on 26/7/1917 and the name is a derivative of the Aboriginal word for “on knees” which is also applied to the Refuge Rocks in the area.
Nilpena 1881 Taunton
Ninnes 1874 Daly
Noarlunga 1846 Adelaide most of the City of Noarlunga and including such southern suburbs as Pt Noarlunga, Morphettvale, Lonsdale, Hallett Cove, Hackham, Hackham West and the like.
Nunnyah 1913 Dufferin
Nuriootpa 1847 Light
O’Loughlin 1896 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Oladdie 1876 Dalhousie
Onkaparinga 1846 Adelaide Parts of Noarlunga, Pt Noarlunga and Seaford
Oratunga 1895 Taunton
Paisley 1860 Albert
Palabie 1913 Le Hunte
Palkagee 1914 Jervois
Palmer 1876 Newcastle
Panitya 1928 Buxton
Para Wurlie 1869 Fergusson
Parachilna 1881 Taunton
Paratoo 1880 Herbert
Parcoola 1915 Young General area of Waikerie and Morgan, County Proclaimed 19/4/1860 Hundred of Parcoola Proclaimed 7/10/1915. The name comes for a sheep run pioneered by J. White in 1871 (lease no 2136). Abornignal for ‘three’. The name is also applied to a shack site adjacent to sections 39 and 42 [Mannings Place Names of SA]
Parilla 1894 Chandos
Paringa 1893 Alfred
Parnaroo 1878 Kimberley
Parra Wirra 1846 Adelaide
Parsons 1884 Macdonnell
Pascoe 1910 Jervois
Peachna 1916 Musgrave
Peacock 1888 Macdonnell
Peake 1906 Buccleuch
Pearce 1884 Musgrave
Peebinga 1912 Chandos
Peella 1957 Le Hunte
Pekina 1871 Dalhousie
Pendleton 1909 Buckingham
Penola 1861 Grey Penola
Perlubie 1895 Dufferin
Petherick 1938 Cardwell
Pethick 1929 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Petina 1893 Dufferin
Pichi Richi 1878 Newcastle
Pidappa 1913 Bosanquet
Pinaroo 1894 Chandos
Pinda 1876 Frome
Pingbong Le Hunte
Pinkawillinie 1922 Buxton
Pirie 1874 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Playford 1878 Jervois
Pooginook 1915 Young General area of Waikerie and Morgan, County Proclaimed 19/4/1860 Hundred proclaimed 7/10/1915. Name comes from Aboriginal words meaning place of good food. Pooginook Station nearby was owned by a John Taylor in 1851.
Pordia 1925 Le Hunte
Port Adelaide 1846 Adelaide
Port Gawler 1851 Gawler
Poynton 1895 York On Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George V Hundred proclaimed 25/4/1895 and named after Alexander Poynton MP (1893-1901)
Price 1906 Buccleuch
Pureba 1922 Dufferin
Pyap 1893 Alfred
Pygery 1913 Le Hunte
Quirke 1969 Chandos
Ramsay 1872 Fergusson
Randell 1895 York On Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George V The first Hundred of Randell was proclaimed on 25/4/1860 and ceased to exist on 30/6/1870. A second Hundred of Randell was proclaimed 25/4/1895 and named after William Richard Randell, the first man to place a colonial steam boa on the River Murray.The foreshore at Whyalla is in this area.
Redhill 1869 Daly
Rees 1879 Burra
Reynolds 1869 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Richards 1938 Cardwell
Riddoch 1883 Grey
Ridley 1860 Sturt
Rippon 1885 Robinson
Ritchie 1909 Carnarvon
Rivoli Bay 1871 Grey Robe and surrounding coastal areas
Roberts 1907 Jervois
Robertson 1867 Robe
Roby 1899 Buccleuch
Ross 1877 Robe
Rounsvell 1885 Robinson
Rudall 1910 Jervois
Russell 1895 Hopetoun
Saddleworth 1851 Light
Santo 1864 Cardwell
Scott 1888 Robinson
Seddon 1908 Carnarvon
Senior 1906 Buckingham
Seymour 1860 Russell
Shannon 1903 Musgrave
Shaugh 1939 Buckingham
Sherlock 1899 Buccleuch
Short 1883 Grey
Skurray 1860 Eyre
Sleaford 1871 Flinders
Smeaton 1910 Jervois
Smith 1885 Robe
Solomon 1909 Buxton
Spence 1886 Robe
Squire 1894 Musgrave
Stanley 1851 Stanley
Stirling 1886 Buckingham
Stokes 1878 Flinders
Stow 1862 Stanley
Strathalbyn 1850 Hindmarsh Strathalbyn, Ashbourne, Paris Creek, Woodchester and parts of Belvidere
Strawbridge 1901 Buccleuch
Stuart 1860 Young General area of Waikerie and Morgan, County Proclaimed 19/4/1860 Hundred proclaimed on 25/4/1860 and named after John McDoull Stuart, explorer.
Sturdee 1892 Scherk Hopetoun
Symon 1855 Grey
Talia 1881 Musgrave
Talunga 1846 Adelaide Parts of Meadows, Parts of Echunga, Clarendon, Kangarilla
Tarcowie 1871 Dalhousie
Tarlton 1888 Robinson
Tatiara 1871 Buckingham
Telowie 1874 Frome Terowie and surrounding areas. Covered by the Goyder Disctrict Council in the upper Flinders Ranges.
Terowie 1871 Kimberley
Tickera 1874 Daly
Tinline 1881 Musgrave
Tippera 1862 Daly
Tomkinson 1879 Burra
Tooligie 1916 Jervois
Townsend 1878 Robe
Travers 1910 Robinson
Trunch 1896 Hopetoun
Tungkillo 1851 Sturt
Uley 1871 Flinders
Ulipa 1879 Flinders
Ulyerra 1925 Musgrave
Upper Wakefield 1850 Stanley
Uroonda 1877 Granville
Verran 1908 Jervois
Vincent 1898 Buccleuch
Waikerie 1893 Albert
Waitpinga 1846 Hindmarsh Waitpinga, Second Valley
Wallala 1913 Dufferin
Wallanippie 1893 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Wallaroo 1862 Daly
Wallaway 1875 Dalhousie
Wallis 1910 Robinson
Walpuppie 1913 Dufferin
Wandana 1893 Way On the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Wandearah 1874 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Wanilla 1871 Flinders
Wannamana 1913 Le Hunte
Warcowie 1895 Hanson
Ward 1876 Musgrave
Waroonee 1880 Herbert
Warrakimbo 1888 Blachford
Warramboo 1913 Le Hunte
Warren 1895 Jervois
Warrenben 1878 Fergusson
Warrow 1869 Flinders
Waterhouse 1861 Robe
Waterloo 1851 Light
Wauraltee 1874 Fergusson
Way 1876 Musgrave
Wells 1938 Cardwell
Whyte 1869 Victoria Mid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Wilcherry 1924 Buxton
Willalooka 1921 Buckingham
Willochra 1875 Frome
Willowie 1875 Frome
Willunga 1846 Adelaide Towns of Willunga, McLaren Vale and general area.
Wilson 1910 Buccleuch