The Counties & Hundreds of South Australia

 

What are the names and locations of the Counties and Hundreds in South Australia, and where are they located, you ask?

When Colonel William Light was appointed Surveyor-General to the Colony of South Australia, his orders were to divide the land within the Colony into townships & counties. The first 9 of these were not proclaimed until 1842. Prior to this the land had been sold under a system of preliminary districts and special surveys—eg. The Mt Barker Special Survey of 1842 and the Three Brothers Survey of 1843. But by 1846, it was clear that a better system was needed, and that the divisions needed to be smaller in order that they be manageable.

A system of hundreds, similar to that used in parts of England was adopted, but with some modifications to suit the vast size of South Australia in comparison to the “Mother Country”. Where the English system delineated a hundred by drawing a line around what amounted to roughly 100 homes, the South Australian model used an area of roughly 100 square miles. It should be noted that not all hundreds in SA are universally this size, nor are they technically square.

In the 1850’s a hierarchical system of Counties, Hundreds, Sections, and Lots was adopted. In 1858, the Premier of SA, Sir Robert Richard Torrens came up with the system of land title registration which is still used today—Torrens Title, which became law following the passing of the Real Property Act in 1861. After 1861, no land in SA could be sold without it being located within a County and a Hundred. An individual needed to register his purchase of land with the Lands Titles Office. Once a person’s name was registered against a piece of land, that person became the exclusive owner of that property by right of title registration.

Before 1865, the Government did little to promote the creation of country towns, save for those that were important as river or sea ports, such as Goolwa and Pt Augusta. In the 1870’s this changed and the wheat boom caused the Central and Northern regions to be surveyed. Between 1895 and 1930 the areas known as the Murray Mallee and Eyre Peninsula were opened up and surveyed into counties & hundreds.

After 1865 it became commonplace for the Government to survey at least one town in each hundred. Before this, however, there had been a number of towns that sprang up within hundreds that had been privately surveyed.

[Introduction of the Real Property Act in South Australia, D.Pike 1961]


 

The following are the Hundreds, listed alphabetically, with their respective Counties and other useful information including towns that are located within the Hundred boundaries. As time Permits, we will add further information.

Hundred NameYear ProclaimedAlternate NameCounty NameCounty LocationTowns Included
Adams1895Hanson
Addison1910Robinson
Adelaide1846AdelaideAdelaide city and suburbs south to Hallett Cove and north to approximately Enfield
Alexandrina1851HindmarshLanghorne Creek, Belvidere, Tolderol, Milang
Allen1912Alfred
Allenby1907Von DoussaChandos
Alma1856Gawler
Andrews1864Stanley
Angas1860Sturt
Anna1860Eyre
Anne1863VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Apoinga1851Burra
Appilla1871FromeAppilla, Stone Hut and surrounding areas
Archibald1906Buckingham
Arkaba1877Hanson
Ash1895YorkOn Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George V
Auld1912Chandos
Ayers1863Stanley
Bagot1860Eyre
Bagster1890Kintore
Bakara1860Albert
Balaklava1856Gawler
Baldina1875Burra
Bandioota1881Blachford
Bandon1898Albert
Barna1917Buxton
Baroota1878FromeNorth of Pt Pirie and east of Spencer Gulf.
Barossa1846Adelaide
Bartlett1889WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Barunga1869Daly
Barwell1919Musgrave
Batchelor1893YorkOn Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George VHundred Proclaimed on 25/4/1895 and named after EL Batchelor MP (1893-1901)
Beatty1883KrichauffEyre
Beeamma1921Macdonnell
Belalie1870VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Belvidere1851Light
Benara1862Grey
Bendlby1877Granville
Bews1894Chandos
Bice1895Hopetoun
Billiat1912Chandos
Binnum1869Macdonnell
Black Rock Plain1871Dalhousie
Blackler1893WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Blanche1858Grey
Blesing1936Musgrave
Blyth1860Stanley
Bockelberg1971Robinson
Bonney1860Russell
Bonython1893WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Bookpurnong1893Alfred
Boolcunda1876Newcastle
Booleroo1875FromeBooleroo, Booleroo Centre, Booleroo Whim
Boonerdo1928Jervois
Boothby1878Jervois
Booyoolie1871VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Borda1960Carnarvon
Boucaut1867Stanley
Bowaka1871Robe
Bower1882Eyre
Bowhill1893Buccleuch
Bray1877Robe
Bremer1851HindmarshCallington, Kanmantoo, Hartley, Salem
Bright1875Burra
Brinkley1860Sturt
Brooker1903Jervois
Brownlow1883Eyre
Buckleboo1922Buxton
Bundaleer1869VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Bundey1875Burra
Bunyeroo1881Taunton
Burdett1860Russell
Burgoyne1890Kintore
Butler1895Jervois
Cadell1860Albert
Caldwell1892Hopetoun
Caltowie1871VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Cameron1869Daly
Campbell1888Robinson
Campoona1895Jervois
Cannawigara1909PaechBuckingham
Caralue1917Buxton
Carawa1893Dufferin
Carcuma1929Buccleuch
Carina1915Robinson
Caroline1862Grey
Carr1877Taunton
Carribee1878Fergusson
Cassini1884Carnarvon
Castrine1891Manchester
Catt1889WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Cavanaugh1878Herbert
Chandada1913Robinson
Charleston1895Jervois
Chesson1912Albert
Chillundie1893WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Clare1850Stanley
Clinton1862Daly
Cocata1928Le Hunte
Coglin1878Herbert
Colebatch1938Cardwell
Coles1885Robe
Colton1876Musgrave
Condada1913Robinson
Coneybeer1895Buccleuch
Conmurra1878Robe
Coolinong1872Russell
Coombe1906Cardwell
Coomooroo1875Dalhousie
Coonarie1878Fergusson
Coonatto1876Frome
Cooper1860Albert
Cootra1926Le Hunte
Copley1891Manchester
Corrobinnie1957Le Hunte
Cortlinye1914Buxton
Cotabena1888Blachford
Cotton1894Chandos
Cowan1929Musgrave
Crozier1880Newcastle
Crystal Brook1871VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Cudlamudla1877Newcastle
Cultana1940YorkOn Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George V
Cummins1903Flinders
Cungena1913Robinson
Cunningham1873Fergusson
Cunyarie1922Buxton
Curramulka1874Fergusson
Dalkey1856Gawler
Dalrymple1872Fergusson
Darke1910Jervois
Darling1891northern part onlyFrome
Darling1871southern part onlyVictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Davenport1860FromeCovered by Pt Augusta City Council
Day1929Chandos
Dixon1903Jervois
Downer1883Robinson
Dublin1856Gawler
Dudley1874Carnarvon
Duffield1864Macdonnell
Duncan1909Carnarvon
Dutton1858Eyre
Eba1860Eyre
Edeowie1881Taunton
Encounter Bay1846HindmarshVictor Harbor, Pt Elliott
English1882Eyre
Erskine1876Dalhousie
Ettrick1893Russell
Eurella1876Dalhousie
Eurilpa1877Granville
Everard1867Stanley
Field1938Cardwell
Finlayson1893Robinson
Finniss1860Sturt
Fisher1860Eyre
Fisk1969Chandos
Flinders1903Flinders
Forrest1885Robinson
Forster1883Albert
Fox1885Robe
Freeling1857Sturt
French1895BasedowHanson
Gambier1858GreyMt Gambier and surrounding areas including Kybybolite
Geegeela1907PflaumMacdonnell
Gilbert1851Light
Giles1890Kintore
Giles1860disbanded in 1870Albert
Gillen1893Manchester
Glen Roy1871Macdonnell
Glyde1864Cardwell
Glynn1895Jervois
Goode1893WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Goolwa1846HindmarshGoolwa, Surfers Beach
Gordon1893Alfred
Gosse1931Carnarvon
Goyder1862Stanley
Grace1856Gawler
Gregory1858Frome
Grey1858Grey
Gumbowie1877Kimberley
Guthrie1893WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Hague1893Dufferin
Haig1885HomburgMusgrave
Haines1883Carnarvon
Hall1860Stanley
Hallett1860Burra
Hambidge1957Jervois
Handyside1891Manchester
Hanson1860Stanley
Hardy1880Kimberley
Hart1864Stanley
Haslam1893Dufferin
Hawker1878Jervois
Hay1860Eyre
Heggaton1910Jervois
Hill1927Le Hunte
Hincks1957Jervois
Hindmarsh1858Grey
Holder1893Albert
Hooper1899Buccleuch
Horn1889WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Hudd1936Musgrave
Hutchinson1867Flinders
Hynam1869Macdonnell
Inkerman1856Gawler
Inkster1913Robinson
Jabuk1910now Marmon JabukBuccleuch
James1910Jervois
Jamieson1910Jervois
Jeffries1936Russell
Jellicoe1851North RhineEyre
Jenkins1892Manchester
Jessie1867Robe
Joanna1862Robe
Joyce1876Robe
Julia Creek1851Light
Jutland1851South RhineSturt
Kadina1862Daly
Kaldoonera1913Robinson
Kanmantoo1847Sturt
Kanyaka1876Newcastle
Kappacoola1913Le Hunte
Kappawanta1936Musgrave
Kapunda1851Light
Karcultaby1913Robinson
Katarapko1922Hamley
Keith1894Kintore
Kekwick1912Alfred
Kelly1896Buxton
Kennion1883Grey
Ketchowla1880Kimberley
Kevin1894Kintore
Kiana1879Musgrave
Kilkerran1872Fergusson
Killanoola1861Robe
King1878Burra
Kingsford1912Chandos
Kingston1860Burra
Kirkpatrick1906Buccleuch
Kondoparinga1846Hindmarsh
Kongorong1862Grey
Koolgera1916Dufferin
Koolunga1864Stanley
Koolywurtie1874Fergusson
Koongawa1926Le Hunte
Kooringa1851Burra
Koppio1867Flinders
Kuitpo1846AdelaideKuitpo forest, Kuitpo Colony, parts of Meadows
Kulpara1862Daly
Lacepede1861Macdonnell
Laffer1921Cardwell
Lake George1871Grey
Lake Wangary1871Flinders
Landeer1888Macdonnell
Lewis1902Buccleuch
Light1851Light
Lincoln1851Flinders
Lindley1881Burra
Livingston1902Buccleuch
Lochaber1869Macdonnell
Louth1851Flinders
Loveday1923Hamley
Lucy1892Hopetoun
Macclesfield1846HindmarshOne of the earliest Counties proclaimed in SA after Adelaide, it was part of the Three Brothers Special Survey undertaken at the expense of John Barton Hack, Joseph Hagen and another of their Quaker bretheren.Echunga, Macclesfield, Meadows, Mt Barker, Wistow, Nairne, parts of Littlehampton and Blakiston also fell into this Hundred.
MacDonnell1861GreyIn the general area of Port MacDonnell
MacGillivray1906Carnarvon
Magarey1890Kintore
Maitland1872Fergusson
Makin1939Buckingham
Malcolm1860Russell
Mamblin1913Le Hunte
Mangalo1878Jervois
Mann1878Jervois
Mannanarie1871Dalhousie
Mantung1893Albert
Markaranka1915YoungGeneral area of Waikerie and Morgan, County Proclaimed 19/4/1860Hundred proclaimed 7/10/1915. Name comes from the Aboriginal word marakaruko which was applied to a 500 square mile property owned by Gustav A. Gebhardt. His property had a 28 mile river frontage on the Murray.
Marmon1910now Marmon JabukBuccleuch
Maude1880SchomburgkBurra
May1894Hopetoun
Mayura1869Grey
McCallum1939Buckingham
McDonald1910Carnarvon
McGorrey1912Alfred
McGregor1895Jervois
McIntosh1934Musgrave
McLachlan1895Musgrave
McNamara1938Cardwell
McPherson1910Buccleuch
Melville1869Fergusson
Menzies1878Carnarvon
Messent1938Cardwell
Migbool1867Grey
Miller1892Hopetoun
Milne1860Stanley
Miltallie1878Jervois
Minbrie1878Jervois
Minburra1877Herbert
Mindarie1893Albert
Minecrow1878Macdonnell
Minlacowie1874Fergusson
MinnipaLe Hunte
Mitchell1903Musgrave
Mobilong1860Sturt
Molineux1911Buccleuch
Monarto1847Sturt
Monbulla1861Grey
Mongolata1875Burra
Moockra1877Newcastle
Moody1903Jervois
Moonabie1917YorkOn Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George VHundred proclaimed on 26/7/1917 and name comes from Aboriginal word for bog mud water.
Moorkitabie1915Robinson
Moorook1893Albert
Moorooroo1847Light
Moralana1895Hanson
Morgan1876Dalhousie
Mortlock1904Flinders
Moseley1914Buxton
Moule1889WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Mount Benson1871Robe
Mount Muirhead1869Grey
Muddla Wirra1847Gawler
Muloowurtie1874Fergusson
Mundoora1874Daly
Munno Parra1846Adelaide
Murbko1893Albert
Murlong1928Jervois
Murrabinna1871Macdonnell
Murray1888Robinson
Murtho1893Alfred
Nackara1880Herbert
Nangwarry1867GreyNangwarry and the timber cutting camps in the general area
Napperby1874VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Naracoorte1867Robe
Narridy1871VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Nash1890Kintore
Neales1866Eyre
Nelwand1909Carnarvon
Neville1864Cardwell
Nicholls1928Jervois
Nildottie1878Albert
Nilginee1917YorkOn Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George VHundred proclaimed on 26/7/1917 and the name is a derivative of the Aboriginal word for "on knees" which is also applied to the Refuge Rocks in the area.
Nilpena1881Taunton
Ninnes1874Daly
Noarlunga1846Adelaidemost of the City of Noarlunga and including such southern suburbs as Pt Noarlunga, Morphettvale, Lonsdale, Hallett Cove, Hackham, Hackham West and the like.
Nunnyah1913Dufferin
Nuriootpa1847Light
O'Loughlin1896WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Oladdie1876Dalhousie
Onkaparinga1846AdelaideParts of Noarlunga, Pt Noarlunga and Seaford
Oratunga1895Taunton
Paisley1860Albert
Palabie1913Le Hunte
Palkagee1914Jervois
Palmer1876Newcastle
Panitya1928Buxton
Para Wurlie1869Fergusson
Parachilna1881Taunton
Paratoo1880Herbert
Parcoola1915YoungGeneral area of Waikerie and Morgan, County Proclaimed 19/4/1860Hundred of Parcoola Proclaimed 7/10/1915. The name comes for a sheep run pioneered by J. White in 1871 (lease no 2136). Abornignal for 'three'. The name is also applied to a shack site adjacent to sections 39 and 42 [Mannings Place Names of SA]
Parilla1894Chandos
Paringa1893Alfred
Parnaroo1878Kimberley
Parra Wirra1846Adelaide
Parsons1884Macdonnell
Pascoe1910Jervois
Peachna1916Musgrave
Peacock1888Macdonnell
Peake1906Buccleuch
Pearce1884Musgrave
Peebinga1912Chandos
Peella1957Le Hunte
Pekina1871Dalhousie
Pendleton1909Buckingham
Penola1861GreyPenola
Perlubie1895Dufferin
Petherick1938Cardwell
Pethick1929WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Petina1893Dufferin
Pichi Richi1878Newcastle
Pidappa1913Bosanquet
Pinaroo1894Chandos
Pinda1876Frome
PingbongLe Hunte
Pinkawillinie1922Buxton
Pirie1874VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Playford1878Jervois
Pooginook1915YoungGeneral area of Waikerie and Morgan, County Proclaimed 19/4/1860Hundred proclaimed 7/10/1915. Name comes from Aboriginal words meaning place of good food. Pooginook Station nearby was owned by a John Taylor in 1851.
Pordia1925Le Hunte
Port Adelaide1846Adelaide
Port Gawler1851Gawler
Poynton1895YorkOn Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George VHundred proclaimed 25/4/1895 and named after Alexander Poynton MP (1893-1901)
Price1906Buccleuch
Pureba1922Dufferin
Pyap1893Alfred
Pygery1913Le Hunte
Quirke1969Chandos
Ramsay1872Fergusson
Randell1895YorkOn Eyre Peninsula in the general area of Whyalla. County proclaimed 1895. Named after the Duke of York who became King George VThe first Hundred of Randell was proclaimed on 25/4/1860 and ceased to exist on 30/6/1870. A second Hundred of Randell was proclaimed 25/4/1895 and named after William Richard Randell, the first man to place a colonial steam boa on the River Murray.The foreshore at Whyalla is in this area.
Redhill1869Daly
Rees1879Burra
Reynolds1869VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Richards1938Cardwell
Riddoch1883Grey
Ridley1860Sturt
Rippon1885Robinson
Ritchie1909Carnarvon
Rivoli Bay1871GreyRobe and surrounding coastal areas
Roberts1907Jervois
Robertson1867Robe
Roby1899Buccleuch
Ross1877Robe
Rounsvell1885Robinson
Rudall1910Jervois
Russell1895Hopetoun
Saddleworth1851Light
Santo1864Cardwell
Scott1888Robinson
Seddon1908Carnarvon
Senior1906Buckingham
Seymour1860Russell
Shannon1903Musgrave
Shaugh1939Buckingham
Sherlock1899Buccleuch
Short1883Grey
Skurray1860Eyre
Sleaford1871Flinders
Smeaton1910Jervois
Smith1885Robe
Solomon1909Buxton
Spence1886Robe
Squire1894Musgrave
Stanley1851Stanley
Stirling1886Buckingham
Stokes1878Flinders
Stow1862Stanley
Strathalbyn1850HindmarshStrathalbyn, Ashbourne, Paris Creek, Woodchester and parts of Belvidere
Strawbridge1901Buccleuch
Stuart1860YoungGeneral area of Waikerie and Morgan, County Proclaimed 19/4/1860Hundred proclaimed on 25/4/1860 and named after John McDoull Stuart, explorer.
Sturdee1892ScherkHopetoun
Symon1855Grey
Talia1881Musgrave
Talunga1846AdelaideParts of Meadows, Parts of Echunga, Clarendon, Kangarilla
Tarcowie1871Dalhousie
Tarlton1888Robinson
Tatiara1871Buckingham
Telowie1874FromeTerowie and surrounding areas. Covered by the Goyder Disctrict Council in the upper Flinders Ranges.
Terowie1871Kimberley
Tickera1874Daly
Tinline1881Musgrave
Tippera1862Daly
Tomkinson1879Burra
Tooligie1916Jervois
Townsend1878Robe
Travers1910Robinson
Trunch1896Hopetoun
Tungkillo1851Sturt
Uley1871Flinders
Ulipa1879Flinders
Ulyerra1925Musgrave
Upper Wakefield1850Stanley
Uroonda1877Granville
Verran1908Jervois
Vincent1898Buccleuch
Waikerie1893Albert
Waitpinga1846HindmarshWaitpinga, Second Valley
Wallala1913Dufferin
Wallanippie1893WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Wallaroo1862Daly
Wallaway1875Dalhousie
Wallis1910Robinson
Walpuppie1913Dufferin
Wandana1893WayOn the West Coast near Streaky Bay. County Proclaimed 1889
Wandearah1874VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Wanilla1871Flinders
Wannamana1913Le Hunte
Warcowie1895Hanson
Ward1876Musgrave
Waroonee1880Herbert
Warrakimbo1888Blachford
Warramboo1913Le Hunte
Warren1895Jervois
Warrenben1878Fergusson
Warrow1869Flinders
Waterhouse1861Robe
Waterloo1851Light
Wauraltee1874Fergusson
Way1876Musgrave
Wells1938Cardwell
Whyte1869VictoriaMid-North and in the general area of Pt Pirie
Wilcherry1924Buxton
Willalooka1921Buckingham
Willochra1875Frome
Willowie1875Frome
Willunga1846AdelaideTowns of Willunga, McLaren Vale and general area.
Wilson1910Buccleuch